Knee articles

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries

The ACL can become injured when the knee joint is bent backwards, twisted or bent to one side or another.  Injury chances are higher when one or more of these movements occurs simultaneously.  Contact has also been shown to cause an ACL...

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Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture and Reconstruction

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of four major stabilising knee ligaments that connect the femur or thigh bone to the tibia or shin bone. The ligament is a very important part of the knee joint. Injuries can occur from a bad...

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Burning Thigh Pain

The nerves running throughout your body work to bring information to the brain in regards to the environment (sensory nerves) and the messages stemming from the brain and spinal cord to help activate your muscles (motor nerves). In order to...

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Compartment Syndrome - Acute

Compartment syndrome happens when there is an excessive amount of pressure that builds up within an enclosed space of the body. It often results from swelling or bleeding following an injury. Due to the dangerously high amount of pressure...

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Chondromalacia Patella

The cartilage underneath your kneecap acts as a natural shock absorber. Injury, overuse and various other factors can lead to chondromalacia patella, which is a general term indicative of damage to the cartilage that lies underneath the...

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Blount's Disease

Blount's disease is a rare growth disorder that commonly affects children, which causes the legs to bow out just below the knees.  In young infants, a small amount of bowing is not uncommon.  As children begin walking, between one and two...

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Compartment Syndrome – Recurrent

Compartment syndrome happens when there is an excessive amount of pressure that builds up within an enclosed space of the body, most commonly in the legs. It can result from swelling or bleeding following an injury, or can be induced by...

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Compartment Syndrome – Exercise-Induced

Exercise induced compartment syndrome can occur when there is an excessive amount of pressure that builds up within an enclosed space of the body, usually in the lower legs. It often results from swelling or bleeding following an injury....

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Baker's Cyst

A Baker Cyst is swelling that is caused from fluid coming from the knee joint that protrudes to the back of the knee.  When an abundance of fluid in the knee joint is compressed from the weight of the body between the knee joint's bones,...

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Biceps Femoris Strain

There are three large muscles in the hamstring muscle located at the back of the thigh: the semitendinosus, the biceps femoris and the semimembranosus.  An individual suffering with a hamstring strain has a tearing or stretching of a...

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Biceps Femoris Tendinopathy

Biceps femoris tendinopathy is an overuse injury to the biceps femoris tendon (main hamstring muscle) along the back of the thigh.  As the biceps femoris has two heads, and one insertional point, pain can occur at one of two places:...

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Leg Length Discrepancy

It is not uncommon to have one leg that is longer than the other, and this is referred to as a leg length discrepancy. Typical differences in leg length can range from one millimeter to more than six centimeters. The larger the discrepancy...

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