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Toe articles

Expert Insights from Leading Physiotherapists: Unlock the Power of Knowledge

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Plantar Interrossei

General information The three plantar interosseous muscles are each located below the metatarsal bones and are components of the 4th and most inner layer of muscles in the bottom of the foot. Literal meaning In Latin, they are referred to...

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Quadratus Plantae

General information The quadratus plantae is separate from all of the muscles in the first layer of the foot from the plantar vessels and nerve. It works by aiding in the flexing of the second to the fifth toes. It is one of the few muscles...

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Lumbricals (foot)

General information Lumbrical foot muscles start at the tendons of the flexor digitorum longus and end at the tendons that go inside the lesser toes. Literal meaning Worm muscle. Interesting information Lumbrical foot muscles are comprised...

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Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis (foot)

General information Flexor digiti minimi brevis is a small muscle located in the sole of the foot. Literal meaning The short muscle that bends the little toe. Interesting information Flexor digiti mini brevis, along with the flexor...

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Flexor Digitorum Brevis

General information Flexor digitorum brevis is a broad muscle located deeply in sole of the foot. Along with the abductor hallucis and abductor digiti minimi muscles, it makes up the first layer of plantar muscles. Also, this muscle is part...

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Flexor Digitorum Longus

General information The muscle is located on the inner region of the leg, close to the tibia. At its point of origin it is narrow and pointed; however, it progressively widens and becomes larger as it travels downward. Literal meaning...

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Flexor Hallucis Brevis

General information Flexor hallucis brevis is one of the muscles in the plantar surface of the foot. Literal meaning A short muscle that flexes (bends) the big toe Interesting information Flexor hallucis brevis is subject to considerable...

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Flexor Hallucis Longus (leg)

General information Flexor hallucis longus is one of the muscles of the leg situated deep in the posterior compartment. Literal meaning The long muscle that flexes (bends) the big toe. Interesting information Flexor hallucis longus is...

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Extensor Digitorum Brevis

General information The Extensor digitorum brevis – occasionally referred to as EDB – is a small muscle on the dorsum of the foot that is involved in the extension of digits two-through-four. Literal meaning The literal meaning...

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Extensor Digitorum Longus

General information The extensor digitorum longus is a pennate muscle located in the lower anterior portion of the leg, responsible for extension of the toes and dorsiflexion of the ankle. Literal meaning The literal meaning of extensor...

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Extensor Hallucis Brevis

General information Extensor hallucis brevis is a short muscle in the dorsum of the foot, and with the extensor digitorum brevis, it forms the dorsal foot muscles group. Literal meaning The short muscle that straightens the big toe....

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Extensor Hallucis Longus

General information Extensor hallucis longus muscle is a thin muscle that belongs to the anterior leg compartment along with the extensor digitorum longus, tibialis anterior and fibularis tertius muscles. Literal meaning The long muscle...