Knee articles

Gracilis

General information Gracilis muscle is a long and slender muscle situated in the medial thigh. Along with the adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus and pectineus muscles, they make up the thigh adductors group. Literal meaning...

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Articularis Genus

General information The articularis genus is a highly variable muscle bundle made up of multiple layers, in the distal thigh and knee. Literal meaning The muscle of the knee joint. Interesting information The function of this muscle is not...

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Bone Tumor (Osteochondroma)

Tumors are lumps or masses of tissue that form when the cells end up dividing uncontrollably.  Growing tumors might end up replacing healthy tissues with abnormal tissue.  It could end up weakening the bone and cause it to break...

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Osteocartilaginous Exostosis

An osteocartilaginous exotosis is commonly known as an osteochondroma which is a benign bone tumour. Growing tumors might end up replacing healthy tissues with abnormal tissue. It could end up weakening the bone and cause it to break...

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Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma is considered to be the most common form of cancer developing within the bone. Just like all of the other osteoblasts within normal bones, the cells forming this cancer complete the bone matrix, but this matrix isn't as strong...

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Knee Replacement

If your knee is significantly damaged from injury or arthritis, it might be difficult for you to perform some of the simplest activities, such as climbing stairs or walking. You might begin feeling pain when lying down or sitting. If...

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Osgood Schlatter Disease

Osgood Schlatter disease causes a painful lump just below the kneecap in adolescents and children who are going through a growth spurt attributed to puberty. The disease often occurs in those who participate in sports that involve running,...

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Knee Bursitis

Bursitis is an inflammation of a sack of fluid called a bursa (plural = bursae). There are lots of bursae around the knee. They help to protect all the moving parts of the knee, such as the patella (knee cap), the tendons, and the...

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Osteochondroma

An osteochondroma is a benign bone tumour. Growing tumors might end up replacing healthy tissues with abnormal tissue. It could end up weakening the bone and cause it to break (fracture). Most of the time, the bone tumor is noncancerous...

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Calf Strain / Calf Tear

Individuals with calf strains have tearing or stretching of the calf muscle (gastrocnemius or soleus). Calf strains are often the result of an injury. Most of the strains are a partial tear and tears can be classified as Grade I, II or III...

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Fat Pad Impingement

After a direct blow to the kneecap, the fat pad might end up becoming impinged between the kneecap and the distal thigh bone. Since the fat pad is one of the most sensitive areas within the knee, it is thought to be quite painful. Knee pain...

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Compartment Syndrome - Chronic

Compartment syndrome happens when there is an excessive amount of pressure that builds up within an enclosed space of the body. It often results from swelling or bleeding following an injury. Due to the dangerously high amount of pressure...

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