Toe articles

Dorsal Interossei of the foot

General information Dorsal Interossei of the foot are four muscles positioned between the metatarsal bones in each foot. Literal meaning Dorsal interossei translates from Latin as ‘muscle between the bones on the back’ (of the...

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Adductor Hallucis

General information Adductor hallucis is a two-headed, intrinsic muscle in the sole of the foot. There are three foot plantar muscle groups, the lateral, medial and central. The adductor hallucis belongs to the medial group. Literal meaning...

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Abductor Ossis Metatarsi Digiti Quinti

General information An abductor muscle is one which draws part of the body away from the medial line. The abductor ossis metatarsi digiti quinti is a variation of the abductor digiti minimi pedis muscle (the foot abductor muscle which lies...

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Abductor Hallucis

General information The abductor hallucis muscle is found along the foot’s medial border. It enables the up and down movement of the great (big) toe and supports the inner arch of the foot. Literal meaning It is the muscle that moves...

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Abductor Digiti Minimi Pedis (foot)

General information There are two abductor digiti minimi muscles, one in the hand and one in the foot. The foot has 20 muscles in total. Literal meaning The muscle that abducts (away from the midline) the little toe.  Interesting...

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Bunions

If the joint connecting your big toe to your foot is swollen, sore or has a bump, you might be dealing with a bunion. It’s an extremely common problem affecting middle to late-aged women. This deformity is often attributed to wearing...

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Phalangeal Injury (Foot)

Almost one-quarter of all bones in the human body are in the foot, which works to provide you with movement and support. Broken bones in one of the phalanges is often quite painful, but it isn’t normally disabling. Most of the time,...

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Flat Foot (Pes Planus)

Flat foot, sometimes known under the medical term pes planus, is when the arch along the inside of your foot is flattened, which allows the entire sole of the foot to touch against the floor when standing.  Even though the condition is...

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First Metatarsophalangeal Joint Sprain

The simplest definition of this condition is referred to a sprain of the main joint of the big toe.  It happens whenever the toe ends up being bent up forcibly into hyperextension or hyperflexion.  An example is when an individual is...

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Diabetic (Charcot) Foot

Diabetes is a condition where the blood sugar levels are elevated in about 6 percent of those within the US, which equates to roughly 16 million individuals. Diabetes is also rapidly growing in other Western countries, Europe and Africa....

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Plantar fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis tends to be the most common causes of heel pain. This plantar fascia is a flat band of tissue that connects the toes and the heel bone together. It supports the arch in your foot. When the plantar fascia becomes too tight,...

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Jones Fracture

The fifth metatarsal bone is the small bone along the outside of your foot, and is prone to both regular fracture and a stress fracture. A fracture through the top of the bone is known as a Jones Fracture. Regular fractures to the fifth...

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