Posted on Jul 28th, 2020 / Published in: Thoracic Spine
Rotatores muscles are a group of short muscles found on the lateral aspect of the vertebral column. The rotatores are part of the transversospinal muscles, along with the semispinalis and multifidus. The rotatores are divided into rotatores colli/cervicis, rotatores thoracis and rotatores lumborum. Out of these, the rotatores thoracis is the most well developed and can be further split into the long rotatores (rotatores longi) and short rotatores (rotatores brevis).
Due to their location the rotatores have multiple actions, including spinal stabilisers and back extensors and rotators.
Rotatores breves: Transverse processes of vertebrae T2-T12.
Rotatores longi: Transverse processes of thoracic vertebrae.
Rotatores breves: Laminae/Spinous process of vertebra (1 level above origin).
Rotatores longi: Laminae/Spinous process of vertebra (2 levels above origin).
Bilateral contraction: Extension of thoracic spine.
Unilateral contraction: Rotation of thoracic spine (contralateral).
Medial branches of posterior rami of spinal nerves.
Dorsal branches of posterior intercostal and lumbar arteries.
Rotatores longi exercises
Sitting down, slowly tilt your head backwards. Stop extending when some compression is felt at the back of the neck. Stop the exercise immediately, and slowly bring your head back to neutral if you get any sudden dizziness or blurred vision
Lie on your front, resting on the forearms. Place your arms at a 90-degree angle, as shown and hold.