Posted on Jul 27th, 2020 / Published in: Head
Longus capitis is a deep, neck muscle situated anteriorly to the cervical spine. The prevertebral layer of neck muscles is comprised of the longus capitis, the rectus capitis anterior, rectus capitis lateralis, longus cervicis and anterior scalene muscles.
The long muscle of the head.
The longus capitis muscle and the other muscles in the prevertebral layer of the neck are wrapped in the prevertebral layer of the cervical fascia, hence the name.
Anterior tubercles of transverse processes of C3-C6.
Basilar part of occipital bone.
Bilateral contraction - head flexion.
Ipsilateral contraction - head rotation (ipsilateral).
Anterior rami of spinal nerves C1-C3.
Ascending cervical artery and the inferior thyroid artery.
There has been research conducted showing that due to the longus capitis muscle’s redundant function and muscle bulk, it can be used in soft palate reconstructions as a local flap which actually may result in a functioning reconstruction with little morbidity to the donor site.
Gross, J. H., Zenga, J., Sharon, J. D., Jackson, R. S., & Pipkorn, P. (2019). Longus Capitis Reconstruction of the Soft Palate. Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery: official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 161(3), 536–538.
Longus capitis exercises
Anterior stabilisation lying head lift and rotation
Lie flat on your back and place your fingers slightly under the jaw until you feel the front neck muscles. Gently tuck in your chin and slightly lift your head about 1cm off the floor. Then slightly rotate your neck a few centimetres to each side slowly.